Police Protection

Adequate Police Protection under City Code Chapter 22.14

22.02.010 - Purpose.

A. The purposes of testing for and certification of Adequate Public Facilities are to:

  1. Assure that development and redevelopment occurs in concert with the Capital Improvement
    Program and will enable the City to provide adequate public facilities in a timely manner and
    achieve the growth objectives of the Comprehensive Plan as defined in Title 21.
  2. Assure that proposed development protects the public health and safety, promotes the general
    welfare of the community, and conserves the environment.
  3. Assure that proposed development fits harmoniously into the fabric of the community.
  4. Encourage new development to occur in areas of the City where public facilities are being

B. Adequacy standards should be achievable within a six-year timeframe and the annual Capital Improvement Program should be based on a community facilities plan that insures that existing deficiencies are corrected within that time-frame.

22.14.010 - Responsibility.

The Police Chief shall be responsible for review and assessment of a proposed project with regard to the adequacy of police protection.

22.14.020 - Goal.

The goal of adequate police facilities is to ensure that law and order is maintained, the laws of the City of Annapolis are enforced, and to create and sustain an environment of personal safety and security of property among citizens, businesspersons, and visitors.

22.14.030 - Exemptions.

There are no exemptions allowed for any projects.

22.14.040 - Standards.

A. For purposes of Chapter 22.14 only, "Police Officer" means an individual who is: (1) certified by the Maryland Police and Training Standards Commission; and (2) employed by the Annapolis Police Department.
B. The standards required to be promulgated pursuant to Section 22.08.010, shall include but not be limited to:

  1. Officer Ratio. The ratio of police officers authorized in the current City budget to City
    residents shall not be less than 3.2 officers per every one thousand City residents.
  2. Average Response Time. The average response time within the City shall not be greater
    than two minutes and thirty seconds for a priority one emergency response and for the initial annual period. Any subsequent average response time shall not increase more than ten percent from the annual period immediately prior.

Additional Applied Standards

To determine Officer Ratio, the Police Department shall utilize the most up-to-date data publication available, including but not limited to the U.S. Census Bureau Data or ESRI Data to determine the population of the City and average number of people per household.    

Officer Ratio Adequacy Formula:

 ((# of City of Annapolis Residents + (Number of proposed units*average number of people per household))/1,000  

This number must be than be divided by the  # of certified police officers in the current City budget.  

The final number must be lower than 3.2%    

22.28 Mitigation

22.28.010 - Opportunity to mitigate.

A.      An applicant whose proposed project is subject to denial or delay under this title shall be given an opportunity to provide infrastructure funds, to improve facilities directly, or to donate necessary facilities in order to allow for approval of the applicant’s application under this title for a Certificate for Adequate Public Facilities.

B.      The forms and levels of mitigation required of an applicant shall be roughly proportionate to the projected impact of the proposed project upon the facility or facilities and shall be determined by the Director of Planning and Zoning in consultation with the other departments responsible for the applicable facilities as outlined in Section 22.28.010.

C.      For a school facility, mitigation consists of the construction or funding of improvements by a developer that increase capacity of the school facility which, at the time of application, is below the minimum standard in the impact area so that the capacity of the facility in the scheduled completion year is equal to, or greater than, it would have been had the development not been constructed. A mitigation plan with physical improvements may be secured by bond,

22.28.020  - Process.

A.      Mitigation consists of the construction or funding of improvements to onsite or offsite public facilities by an applicant that increase capacity or safety on each public facility that is below the minimum standard so that the capacity or safety of the facility after mitigation will be equal to or greater than if the proposed project had not been developed.

B.      To determine the appropriate forms and levels of mitigation, an applicant shall consult with the department responsible for review and assessment of each facility that would be deemed inadequate. Once the applicant and the department agree upon the forms and levels of mitigation that will offset the impact of the project upon the facility, the applicant shall enter into a mitigation plan on terms and conditions acceptable to the Department of Planning and Zoning in consultation with the Office of Law. The mitigation plan shall require the applicant to provide the mitigation agreed upon and in return the Department of Planning and Zoning shall determine that the facility or facilities will be adequate for the project.

C.      If a department finds that a facility is or would be inadequate as a result of more than one proposed project, the department may apportion the responsibility and cost of mitigation among all contributing projects, which apportionment shall be reflected in the applicable mitigation plans.

D.      Each mitigation plan shall be approved by the Director of Planning and Zoning as well as the department responsible for the facility for which the mitigation plan approval is sought. If a facility would be inadequate for a project, and if the project and the applicant are unable to agree upon acceptable forms and levels of mitigation for the facility such that no mitigation plan is entered into by the applicant, the department shall determine that the facility is inadequate to support the project and shall forward a written copy of such findings and explanation to the Director of Planning and Zoning.

Annual Report

2020 Police Adequate Public Facilities Assessment (PDF)

2019 Police Adequate Public Facilities Assessment (PDF)