Exercising Your Victim Rights in Maryland
Review a list of your victim rights in Maryland and how to take action.
|Justice System Events||Your Rights||Take Action|
|1) Contact Law Enforcement Officials to Report the Incident.
||Crime Victims and Witnesses: Your Rights and Services [brochure] is given to you by the responding law enforcement official, as well as information on protection available.||File for a Protective or Peace Order, seek Crisis Intervention Services, apply for Criminal Injuries Compensation, and subscribe to VINE (Victim Information and Notification Everyday).|
|2) Crime Report is Investigated
by Law Enforcement.
In the event of an arrest you are informed.
|3) Your case is forwarded to the State's Attorney's Office for prosecution||N/A||N/A|
|4) Prosecution of Case By State's Attorney's Office Begins.||- Crime Victim Notification Request and Demand for Rights Form is given to you by State's Attorney's Office within 10 days of criminal indictment/bill of information.
- You are given prior notice of any court proceedings. (Notice is sent to you by the State's Attorney's Office.)
- Your Rights as a Victim in the Criminal and Juvenile Justice Process [brochure] is distributed to you by State's Attorney's Office within 10 days of criminal indictment/bill of information.
|- Send your completed Crime Victim Notification Request Form to the State's Attorney's Office. You must submit this form in order to exercise your notification rights.
- Exercise your right to attend hearings.
|5) Case Proceeds to Trial/Plea.
State's Attorney's Office notifies you of court proceedings.
|6) Sentencing Hearing
Prior to sentencing the Court considers the victim impact statement.
|- You are notified of your right to submit a Victim Impact Statement and seek Restitution.
- You are informed of judicial action taken as a result of court proceedings. (Informed by State's Attorney's Office.)
|- Exercise your right to submit a written Impact Statement to the court, be present and/or heard prior to sentencing of the offender.
- Exercise your right to apply for restitution.
|7) Post Sentencing Proceedings
If appealed, Attorney General's Office notifies victim of Appellate proceedings
|- You are informed by State's Attorney's Office of post-sentence court proceedings such as modifications, probation hearings, review of sentence or that an appeal has been filed.
- You will be notified by the Attorney General's Office of Court of Special Appeals or Court of Appeals proceedings
|Exercise your right to be present and/or heard.|
|8) Parole Activity.
Parole hearings, eligibility or release.
|You are informed by Parole Commission of parole eligibility status, parole hearings, your right to request an open hearing, and commission decisions.||Exercise your right to be present and/or heard.|
|9) Violation of Parole/Probation.
Warrant/subpoena issued for arrest of parolee or probationer.
|- You are informed if a warrant/subpoena has been issued for alleged violation of parole or probation.
- You are informed of outcome upon completion of violation hearings.
- You are informed by Division of Parole and Probation or Department of Juvenile Services.
|10) Inmate Status at Correctional Facility.||- You are informed if the inmate escapes, is transferred to another correctional facility, is released or dies while incarcerated.
- You are informed by Correctional Facility.