Be aware of the dangers of extreme heat, and learn how to be safe

Extreme Heat 

Extreme heat is defined as temperatures that are significantly hotter or more humid than what commonly occurs om he region during that time of year. 

Excessive Heat Warning

  • Three consecutive days with a maximum heat index 100 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit with at least 85% sunshine on two of the days, or minimum heat index of 75 degrees Fahrenheit or greater each day
  • Two consecutive days with the maximum heat index of 105 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit
  • 1 day with the maximum heat index of 110 degrees Fahrenheit or greater.

Who are most at risk? 

Infants, young children, senior citizens, and overweight individuals are amongst those most at risk during extreme heat. Those who may easily become dehydrated due to their work or exercise and those with chronic illnesses such as heart disease and high blood pressure are also at risk. 

National Weather Service Heat Index

Heat Related Illnesses

Individuals are subject to heat related injuries when their body is unable to cool itself and compensate for heat exposure. Heat related illness is preventable. Individuals should be aware of steps they can take to keep themselves and others safe during extreme heat events. 

  1. Heat Cramps
  2. Heat Exhaustion
  3. Heat Stroke

Heat Cramps are painful and involuntary muscle spasms that occur during exercise and in hot environments. Heat cramps are usually caused by lack of fluids and loss of electrolytes. 

  • What to do: cool down the victim, drink fluids rich in electrolytes, and  stretch the affected area. 

Actions You Can Take to Stay Safe

  1. Wear Sunscreen & Schedule Outdoor Activities
  2. Drink Plenty of Fluids
  3. Replace Salt & Minerals
  4. Air Conditioning & Cooling Centers

Limit outdoor activities to the morning or evening hours when the weather is cooler. Remember to schedule regular breaks when participating in outdoor activities.