Those delegates who traveled to Annapolis from Princeton, the previous meeting place, most likely arrived by taking a ferry across the Bay. Maryland’s own delegates to earlier meetings of the Continental Congress in Philadelphia – like the state’s four signers of the Declaration of Independence (Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Samuel Chase, William Paca, and Thomas Stone) – had traveled the same route on their journeys back and forth. With ratifi cation of the Treaty of Paris in January 1784, Annapolis became the country’s first peacetime capital.
Sail and steam vessels continued to carry people and goods to and from Annapolis throughout the 19th century. This commerce became regional rather than national when Baltimore, with its deeper harbor, emerged as Maryland’s major metropolis.