Fire - Emergency Services

RESPONSIBILITY

The Fire Chief shall be responsible for review and assessment of a proposed project with regard to adequacy of fire, rescue, emergency medical, and fire inspection facilities in accordance with Chapter 22.12 of the Annapolis City Code.

GOAL

The goal of adequate fire, rescue, emergency medical, and fire inspection facilities is to ensure that emergency response times within the City are maintained at or above an established minimum; that the deployment resources necessary to respond to both fire and non-fire emergencies are maintained at or above an established minimum; that adequate water supply and hydrants are available for effective firefighting and fire suppression; and that an adequate fire inspection staff is maintained to perform fire and life safety inspection.

METHODOLOGY

Part I. Risk Identification

1. Application for proposed development is reviewed and assigned a risk category and deployment requirements based on identified hazard of building/development.

2. The geographical planning area (box area) for the proposed development is identified by using the department’s area coverage maps.

Part II. Response Time

Fire incident response times for the previous two (2) calendar years in the affected box area(s) are analyzed for consistency with the department’s goal of compliance with NFPA 1710, Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments, for the arrival of an initial company within a 4-minute response time and/or initial full alarm assignment within an 8-minute response time to 90% of the incidents. (NFPA 1710: 5.2.4.1.1)

EMS incident response times for the previous two (2) calendar years in the affected box area(s) are analyzed for consistency with the department’s goal of compliance with NFPA 1710, Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments, for the arrival of a first responder with AED within a 4-minute response time to 90% of the incidents. (NFPA 1710: 5.3.3.4.2)

EMS incident response times for the previous two (2) calendar years in the affected box area(s) are analyzed for consistency with the department’s goal of compliance with NFPA 1710, Organization and Deployment of Fire Suppression Operations, Emergency Medical Operations, and Special Operations to the Public by Career Fire Departments, for the arrival of an ALS company within an 8-minute response time to 90% of the incidents. (NFPA 1710: 5.3.3.4.3)

Part III. Fire Flow

The required fire flow and flow duration for the proposed building/development is calculated based on preliminary plans using NFPA 1, Uniform Fire Code, Annex H. The available fire flow at the closest fire hydrant to the development is calculated by the fire department with 20 psi residual pressure. The required minimum fire flow requirement shall not exceed available fire flow plus a reasonable reserve as determined by the Chief of the Department. (NFPA 1: Annex H)

Part IV. Call Volume

Response reliability of fire and EMS companies for the previous two (2) calender years for the affected station(s) are analyzed for consistency with the department’s response reliability goal of 80% for fire units and 70% for EMS units (this assumes that a fire unit is available as a first responder).

Part V. Conclusion

Review Findings:

  • Meets departmental APFO review
  • Meets departmental APFO review with recommendations (Attached)
  • Meets departmental APFO review with conditions (Attached)
  • Does not meet departmental APFO review

Part VI. Exceptions

22.12.030 Exemption:

A proposed project that will include a sprinkler system or systems in accordance with Section 17.12.010 shall be deemed to have adequate facilities under this Chapter.

22.12.040 Standards.

A. The standards required to be promulgated pursuant to Section 22.08.10, shall include but not be limited to:

1. Response Times.

  • Fire incident response time for the arrival of an initial company shall be within a 4-minute response time and/or initial full alarm assignment within an 8-minute response time to 90% of incidents as measured annually in accordance with 22.10.020 A. 2.
  • Emergency Management Service (EMS) incident response time for the arrival of a first responder with Automated External Defibrillator (AED) shall be within a 4-minute response time to 90% of incidents as measured annually in accordance with 22.10.020 A. 2.
  • EMS incident response time for the arrival of an Advanced Life Support (ALS) company shall be within an 8-minute response time to 90% of incidents as measured annually in accordance with 22.10.020 A. 2.

2. Fire Flow and Flow Duration. Fire flow and flow duration shall be maintained at levels of service throughout the City in compliance with the requirements of Section 17.20.020 and the State of Maryland Fire Prevention Code as adopted by the City.